Millions of people the world over suffer from migraine headaches. And many don't know what to do about them. This article discusses the causes, symptoms, and remedies for headaches.
Most doctors believe that something causes the blood vessels in the brain to dilate and put pressure on the surrounding nerves in the brain. This irritates the nerves, and they scream in pain. Other things like stress or blood chemistry can contribute to migraine headaches. Vasodilators can trigger a migraine headache by increasing heart rate because the vessels have widened. Before the throbbing pain, many sufferers describe a strong aura coming over them like something painful is about to happen.
Just about anything may precipitate an attack: excessive caffeine, various foods or scents, dry winds, changes in altitude or seasons, hormonal fluctuations, taking birth control pills, missing a meal, or being in a stuffy room. Intense emotions, such as excitement or anger, also have brought migraine attacks in some people. Even exercising, having sex, or eating very cold foods could lead to an episode. And sometimes, grinding teeth at night, causing TMJ pain, can exacerbate a headache. If that's the case, a good TMJ mouth guard while sleeping can help.
Severe headaches can be termed a migraine if other symptoms are noticed. Nausea and a general feeling of sickness often accompany an attack. Intense, throbbing pain are the words used by sufferers. Many patients become overly sensitive to light, and most sufferers are female. Migraines can last from an hour up to 72 hours.
Home remedies include an ice pack, icy towel, deep massages, and a change in diet and exercise. One way to get quick relief is to lie down in a dark room with an ice pack over the back of your neck.
If the home remedies fail, you can get prescription drugs for migraine headaches from a licensed practitioner.